Finland’s long-term objective is to be a carbon-neutral society. This challenge is particularly great in the energy sector. Approximately 80% of all greenhouse gas emissions in Finland come from energy production and consumption, when energy used for transport is included.
The Finnish government has set ambitious national targets on renewable energy in its program. Finland is committed to EU’s 2030 energy and climate targets and will continue increasing use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency even though no national binding targets are set after 2020.
According to the government program, Finland will ambitiously increase use of renewable energy and energy self sufficiency in 2020s. The main focus is on the promotion of bioenergy and advanced biofuels for transport.
Preparations of a new national energy and climate strategy has been started. This work will be finished by the end of 2016. In this work, all the relevant ministries are involved. The main industry sectors, stakeholders and citizens are involved in investigating and preparing future policy options.
The energy and climate strategy determines ways to reach the ambitious energy targets set in the government program. The energy and climate strategy is also a part of the work that is done for preparing Energy Union’s National Energy and Climate plan and it will indicate how Finland is going to reach the EU’s 2030 targets for renewable energy, energy efficiency and also EU effort sharing.
The following targets in the government program will be thoroughly considered when developing the national energy and climate strategy. In addition, uncertainty caused by future EU decisions on biomass sustainability and state aid rules for energy and environmental aid will be assessed.
- The use of emission-free, renewable energy will be increased in a sustainable way so that its share will rise to more than 50 % by the end of 2020s and the self-sufficiency to more than 55 %, also including peat.
- Coal will no longer be used in energy production and the use of imported oil for the domestic needs will be cut by half by the end of 2020s.
- The share of renewable transport fuels will be raised to 40 % by 2030.
- Finland will create new support programmes for renewable energy. Aid will be based on technology neutrality and ranking of economic priorities
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