New technology in general, and energy and climate technology in the industry in particular, has been subjects of increased focus for the Norwegian Energy Department and ENOVA in 2015. The goal of the technology projects is to harvest experience that will contribute to expertise development, innovation and spread of the technology – both nationally and internationally. ENOVA’s role is allowing new technologies to be tested in the market, and then the market can determine the winners. The GREBE-Project would follow the development and results of this programme closely.
ENOVA was established in 2001 in order to drive forward the changeover to more environmentally friendly consumption and generation of energy in Norway. ENOVA promote more efficient energy consumption and increased production of ‘new’ renewable energy via targeted programmes and support schemes. A number of energy and climate and projects received support in 2015.
Technology projects often have relatively modest energy results compared with the support they receive. Untested and immature technology will usually be significantly more expensive than standard solutions. The support need will therefore also be higher than for projects based on well-tested technology. The total, direct energy result for 2015 is thus modest compared with the support of NOK, but these projects are expected to result in long-term ripple effects and positive effects for the climate.
Selection of the 10 largest projects within energy and climate technology 2015:
- Wave4power AS – Full scale demonstartion of 100kW wave power buoy
- Agder Energi Vannkraft AS – Small scale power turbine
- Kildal Kraft AS – Mini power station installed in container
- Lyse Elnett AS – Grid technology – reduction of grid loss
- NEL Fuel Norway AS – Energy efficient hydrogen filling station
- Eidsvik Offshore ASA – Installation of energy system (battery) in supply vessels.
- Glencore Nikkelverk AS – One-stage electrowinning process
- Arba Follum AS – Production of bio-gas
- Tizir Titanum AS – Verification of new furnace technology
- Posten Norge AS – Low-energy logistics building based on RE
Development and introduction of New energy and climate technology in the market – in 2015 a total of 54 projects were granted funding commitments from ENOVA. Overall, this amounted to NOK 1,4 billion.
Climate Agreement in the Storting in 2012
The development of new energy and climate technology is very important in order to solve the global climate challenges. However, these new technologies must reach the market in order to have the desired impact.
In the Climate Agreement in the Storting in 2012 – the Storting look upon the primary goal of investment in new energy and climate technology as investments that should contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and support the development of restructuring energy end-use and energy production in the long term by developing and utilizing technologies and new solutions – that can contribute to this.
With its capital base and proximity to the market – they saw ENOVA as a instrument to bring technology initatives from the pilot phase and over to market introduction.
From 2012 ENOVA has the responsibility for management of the Energy fund. The Energy fund is the instrument that the Stortinget suggested as a solution for getting ideas and pilot projects on their way to market.
From the pilot phase – to market
The way from the pilot phase to the market – is a critical phase for the projects, where they will demonstrate to the market that the technology functions under normal conditions. This is also a capital intensive phase. When ENOVA awards support to technology projects, this is with the expectation that many of them will be successful, but not all.
Making it through the critical introduction phase is no guarantee for success in the market. Some technologies succeed and gain a foothold which can be built upon. However, for many technologies, the first encounter with the market will reveal a need to test new approaches and concepts, which may entail having to take one or more steps backwards in the innovation chain. Other technologies are weighed and found wanting in the competition with other technological solutions.